BEGIN:VCALENDAR VERSION:2.0 PRODID:-//EuroSEAS 2022//EN X-WR-CALNAME:EuroSEAS 2022 BEGIN:VTIMEZONE TZID:Europe/Paris X-LIC-LOCATION:Europe/Paris BEGIN:DAYLIGHT TZOFFSETFROM:+0100 TZOFFSETTO:+0200 DTSTART:19700329T020000 RRULE:FREQ=YEARLY;BYMONTH=3;BYDAY=-1SU END:DAYLIGHT BEGIN:STANDARD TZOFFSETFROM:+0200 TZOFFSETTO:+0100 DTSTART:19701025T030000 RRULE:FREQ=YEARLY;BYMONTH=10;BYDAY=-1SU END:STANDARD END:VTIMEZONE BEGIN:VEVENT DTSTAMP:20240718T221600 UID:euroseas-2022-gender-and-sexual-pluralism-in-southeast-asia SUMMARY:Gender and sexual pluralism in Southeast Asia LOCATION:Room 3.08 DESCRIPTION:Across Southeast Asia, gender and sexual diversity is more rest ricted today than it was a hundred years ago. The sida-sida, for example, w ere a particular class of ritual-specialists among the Malays who were cons idered to combine female and male properties, and through this combination they were invested with spiritual power. The bissu, a particular class of r itual-specialists among the Bugis of South Sulawesi, occupied a special soc ial position because they combined female and male qualities. The Ngaju Day ak, a group living on the island of Borneo, knew the ritual transgender spe cialists as basir, while in Burma they were famous as the nat kadaw. Gender and sexual pluralism has been severely transformed by colonial and postcol onial state policies in the context of economic and religious developments. However, transgender identities and practices still exist in contemporary times, albeit marginalized. The mak andam in Malaysia are ritual practition ers whose role is to plan weddings and prepare brides. Many male transvesti tes in the Philippines, in Thailand or in Indonesia work in the beauty sect or. In Singapore, homosexuality is still punishable by law; at the same tim e, the city-state has become one of Asia’s gay capitals. \n\nThis panel inv ites presentations that deal with past and present gender and sexual plural ism in Southeast Asia and its complex negotiation processes between politic al, religious and economic spheres. On an empirical level it can be analyze d, among other things, how gender and sexuality are related to one another; what role transgender people play in contemporary Southeast Asia and how t hey perceive their identities. On a theoretical level, papers can address, for instance, interlinkages between categorization processes of what counts as “transgender”, “third gender”, “female”, “male”, “homosexual” or “heter osexual” in the context of nation state building, class formation, religion and ethnicity; transformations in understandings of “femininity” and “mas culinity” or the role of morality and spirituality as part of these process es. URL: DTSTART;TZID=Europe/Paris:20220630T090000 DTEND;TZID=Europe/Paris:20220630T103000 END:VEVENT END:VCALENDAR