The Life Cycle of Indonesian Migrant Workers: From Pre-Departure to Reintegration


Double Panel

Part 1

Session 4
Thu 09:00-10:30 Room 3.06

Part 2

Session 5
Thu 11:00-12:30 Room 3.06


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Transnational labor migration from Indonesia has been promoted, encouraged, and institutionalized by the state since the 1980s as a pathway to rural and national economic development. There are approximately 4 to 9 million Indonesian Migrant Workers abroad, mainly low-skilled, working in the informal sector, and contractual based varies between 2-3 years per contract. Most Indonesian migrants work in Middle Eastern, Southeast Asian, and East Asian countries. However, in the last decade, there has been a shift in the working destination countries, from the Gulf areas to Asia, such as Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and South Korea, due to a better assurance of legal certainty and migrant workers’ protection. In addition, the Indonesian government is committed to achieving zero growth in sending unskilled workers and increasing the protection of Indonesian migrant workers.

To ensure the protection of migrant workers in all stages, from pre-departure, departure, working (in the destination country), return, and reintegration, it is essential to have a more comprehensive and better understanding of the migrant worker’s life cycle. It is clear that each stage has its dynamics and challenges, equal importance, and influences each process. The panel aims at discussing the experience of Indonesian migrant workers, from the pre-departure until the reintegration stage, with various case studies in Indonesia and destination countries.