Violence in Duterte’s Philippines


Single Panel


Session 3
Wed 16:00-17:30 Room 3.07


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The reign of Duterte has been marked by extraordinary levels of violence from the war on drugs to the Marawi siege and the persecution and red-tagging of activists across the archipelago. This panel will explore these questions of violence, their emergence, effects and possible implication for Philippines, not least for members of marginalized communities. Duterte has not pioneered state violence. Philippine history is replete with violent social hierarchies, class struggle, revolutionary movement, counterinsurgencies, violent policing and state-endorsed torture, extra-judicial killings and disappearances, not least during the Marcos regime. At the same time, there have been strong political and social movements that have opposed violence and fought for social equality and dignity, not least emerging from the struggle against and transition from the Marcos regime. Since the Marcos era, the Philippines has become signatory to a host of international human rights conventions. This ambiguity and tension between violence and nonviolence has also marked the Duterte presidency. This panel invites papers that explore the violent conflicts and the attempts to address the violence in Duterte’s Philippines. This may include the following questions: What are the historical continuities in terms of violence? How do structures of gender, generation, class and ethnicity intersect in the production of violent contexts as well as their resolution? What are the implications of violence for ordinary Filipinos?